Datasets in the field of ethnic politics often treat ethnic groups as unitary actors and do not differentiate between the positions of the organisations representing these groups. Datasets in the field of party politics measure the positions of political parties, yet mostly do not convincingly conceptualise an ethnonational (also called centre-periphery or territorial) dimension of competition. To close this gap, Edina Szöcsik and I conducted the EPAC expert survey on ethnonationalism in party competition. In 2011, we covered 210 political parties in 22 multinational European democracies, in 2017 we covered 222 parties in the same 22 countries.

If you use our data, please cite the following articles:

For EPAC 2011: Szöcsik, Edina and Christina Isabel Zuber (2015). EPAC – a new dataset on ethnonationalism in party competition in 22 European democraciesParty Politics 21 (1), 153-160. Online appendix.

For EPAC 2017: Zuber, Christina Isabel and Edina Szöcsik (2019). The Second Edition of the EPAC Expert Survey on Ethnonationalism in Party Competition. Testing for Validity and Reliability. Regional and Federal Studies 29 (1), 91-113. Accepted preprint.

Political parties included in EPAC 2011Political parties included in EPAC 2017
Example of 2011 surveyExample of 2017 survey
Contributing experts 2011Contributing experts 2017
Surveyed countries and response rates
Country-specific-questions 2011
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